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Title: Advanced IGCC/Hydrogen Gas Turbine Development

Abstract

The objective of this program was to develop the technologies required for a fuel flexible (coal derived hydrogen or syngas) gas turbine for IGCC that met DOE turbine performance goals. The overall DOE Advanced Power System goal was to conduct the research and development (R&D) necessary to produce coal-based IGCC power systems with high efficiency, near-zero emissions, and competitive capital cost. To meet this goal, the DOE Fossil Energy Turbine Program had as an interim objective of 2 to 3 percentage points improvement in combined cycle (CC) efficiency. The final goal is 3 to 5 percentage points improvement in CC efficiency above the state of the art for CC turbines in IGCC applications at the time the program started. The efficiency goals were for NOx emissions of less than 2 ppm NOx (@15 % O2). As a result of the technologies developed under this program, the DOE goals were exceeded with a projected 8 point efficiency improvement. In addition, a new combustion technology was conceived of and developed to overcome the challenges of burning hydrogen and achieving the DOE’s NOx goal. This report also covers the developments under the ARRA-funded portion of the program that include gas turbine technology advancementsmore » for improvement in the efficiency, emissions, and cost performance of gas turbines for industrial applications with carbon capture and sequestration. Example applications could be cement plants, chemical plants, refineries, steel and aluminum plants, manufacturing facilities, etc. The DOE’s goal for more than 5 percentage point improvement in efficiency was met with cycle analyses performed for representative IGCC Steel Mill and IGCC Refinery applications. Technologies were developed in this program under the following areas: combustion, larger latter stage buckets, CMC and EBC, advanced materials and coatings, advanced configurations to reduce cooling, sealing and rotor purge flows, turbine aerodynamics, advanced sensors, advancements in first stage hot gas path components, and systems analyses to determine benefits of all previously mentioned technologies to a gas turbine system in an IGCC configuration. This project built on existing gas turbine technology and product developments, and developed and validated the necessary turbine related technologies and sub-systems needed to meet the DOE turbine program goals. The scope of the program did not cover the design and validation of a full-scale prototype machine with the technology advances from this program incorporated. In summary, the DOE goals were met with this program. While the commercial landscape has not resulted in a demand for IGCC gas turbines many of the technologies that were developed over the course of the program are benefiting the US by being applied to new higher efficiency natural gas fueled gas turbines.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1] more »;  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1] « less
  1. General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1261809
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-05NT42643
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS

Citation Formats

York, William, Hughes, Michael, Berry, Jonathan, Russell, Tamara, Lau, Y. C., Liu, Shan, Arnett, Michael, Peck, Arthur, Tralshawala, Nilesh, Weber, Joseph, Benjamin, Marc, Iduate, Michelle, Kittleson, Jacob, Garcia-Crespo, Andres, Delvaux, John, Casanova, Fernando, Lacy, Ben, Brzek, Brian, Wolfe, Chris, Palafox, Pepe, Ding, Ben, Badding, Bruce, McDuffie, Dwayne, and Zemsky, Christine. Advanced IGCC/Hydrogen Gas Turbine Development. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1261809.
York, William, Hughes, Michael, Berry, Jonathan, Russell, Tamara, Lau, Y. C., Liu, Shan, Arnett, Michael, Peck, Arthur, Tralshawala, Nilesh, Weber, Joseph, Benjamin, Marc, Iduate, Michelle, Kittleson, Jacob, Garcia-Crespo, Andres, Delvaux, John, Casanova, Fernando, Lacy, Ben, Brzek, Brian, Wolfe, Chris, Palafox, Pepe, Ding, Ben, Badding, Bruce, McDuffie, Dwayne, & Zemsky, Christine. Advanced IGCC/Hydrogen Gas Turbine Development. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1261809
York, William, Hughes, Michael, Berry, Jonathan, Russell, Tamara, Lau, Y. C., Liu, Shan, Arnett, Michael, Peck, Arthur, Tralshawala, Nilesh, Weber, Joseph, Benjamin, Marc, Iduate, Michelle, Kittleson, Jacob, Garcia-Crespo, Andres, Delvaux, John, Casanova, Fernando, Lacy, Ben, Brzek, Brian, Wolfe, Chris, Palafox, Pepe, Ding, Ben, Badding, Bruce, McDuffie, Dwayne, and Zemsky, Christine. Thu . "Advanced IGCC/Hydrogen Gas Turbine Development". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1261809. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1261809.
@article{osti_1261809,
title = {Advanced IGCC/Hydrogen Gas Turbine Development},
author = {York, William and Hughes, Michael and Berry, Jonathan and Russell, Tamara and Lau, Y. C. and Liu, Shan and Arnett, Michael and Peck, Arthur and Tralshawala, Nilesh and Weber, Joseph and Benjamin, Marc and Iduate, Michelle and Kittleson, Jacob and Garcia-Crespo, Andres and Delvaux, John and Casanova, Fernando and Lacy, Ben and Brzek, Brian and Wolfe, Chris and Palafox, Pepe and Ding, Ben and Badding, Bruce and McDuffie, Dwayne and Zemsky, Christine},
abstractNote = {The objective of this program was to develop the technologies required for a fuel flexible (coal derived hydrogen or syngas) gas turbine for IGCC that met DOE turbine performance goals. The overall DOE Advanced Power System goal was to conduct the research and development (R&D) necessary to produce coal-based IGCC power systems with high efficiency, near-zero emissions, and competitive capital cost. To meet this goal, the DOE Fossil Energy Turbine Program had as an interim objective of 2 to 3 percentage points improvement in combined cycle (CC) efficiency. The final goal is 3 to 5 percentage points improvement in CC efficiency above the state of the art for CC turbines in IGCC applications at the time the program started. The efficiency goals were for NOx emissions of less than 2 ppm NOx (@15 % O2). As a result of the technologies developed under this program, the DOE goals were exceeded with a projected 8 point efficiency improvement. In addition, a new combustion technology was conceived of and developed to overcome the challenges of burning hydrogen and achieving the DOE’s NOx goal. This report also covers the developments under the ARRA-funded portion of the program that include gas turbine technology advancements for improvement in the efficiency, emissions, and cost performance of gas turbines for industrial applications with carbon capture and sequestration. Example applications could be cement plants, chemical plants, refineries, steel and aluminum plants, manufacturing facilities, etc. The DOE’s goal for more than 5 percentage point improvement in efficiency was met with cycle analyses performed for representative IGCC Steel Mill and IGCC Refinery applications. Technologies were developed in this program under the following areas: combustion, larger latter stage buckets, CMC and EBC, advanced materials and coatings, advanced configurations to reduce cooling, sealing and rotor purge flows, turbine aerodynamics, advanced sensors, advancements in first stage hot gas path components, and systems analyses to determine benefits of all previously mentioned technologies to a gas turbine system in an IGCC configuration. This project built on existing gas turbine technology and product developments, and developed and validated the necessary turbine related technologies and sub-systems needed to meet the DOE turbine program goals. The scope of the program did not cover the design and validation of a full-scale prototype machine with the technology advances from this program incorporated. In summary, the DOE goals were met with this program. While the commercial landscape has not resulted in a demand for IGCC gas turbines many of the technologies that were developed over the course of the program are benefiting the US by being applied to new higher efficiency natural gas fueled gas turbines.},
doi = {10.2172/1261809},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1261809}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}