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Title: Host cells and methods for producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) and/or a DXP derived compound

Abstract

The present invention provides for a genetically modified host cell capable of producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate or 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) (12), and optionally one or more DXP derived compounds, comprising: (a) a mutant RibB, or functional variant thereof, capable of catalyzing xylulose 5-phosphate and/or ribulose 5-phosphate to DXP, or (b) a YajO, or functional variant thereof, and a XylB, or functional variant thereof.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1260248
Patent Number(s):
9,382,553
Application Number:
13/587,826
Assignee:
The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA) LBNL
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2012 Aug 16
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Kirby, James, Fortman, Jeffrey L., Nishimoto, Minobu, and Keasling, Jay D. Host cells and methods for producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) and/or a DXP derived compound. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Kirby, James, Fortman, Jeffrey L., Nishimoto, Minobu, & Keasling, Jay D. Host cells and methods for producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) and/or a DXP derived compound. United States.
Kirby, James, Fortman, Jeffrey L., Nishimoto, Minobu, and Keasling, Jay D. Tue . "Host cells and methods for producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) and/or a DXP derived compound". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1260248.
@article{osti_1260248,
title = {Host cells and methods for producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) and/or a DXP derived compound},
author = {Kirby, James and Fortman, Jeffrey L. and Nishimoto, Minobu and Keasling, Jay D.},
abstractNote = {The present invention provides for a genetically modified host cell capable of producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate or 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) (12), and optionally one or more DXP derived compounds, comprising: (a) a mutant RibB, or functional variant thereof, capable of catalyzing xylulose 5-phosphate and/or ribulose 5-phosphate to DXP, or (b) a YajO, or functional variant thereof, and a XylB, or functional variant thereof.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 05 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Jul 05 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Patent:

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  • The present invention provides for a genetically modified host cell capable of producing 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate or 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) (12), and optionally one or more DXP derived compounds, comprising: (a) a mutant RibB, or functional variant thereof, capable of catalyzing xylulose 5-phoshpate and/or ribulose 5-phospate to DXP, or (b) a YajO, or functional variant thereof, and a XylB, or functional variant thereof.
  • The invention provides for a method for producing a 5-carbon alcohol in a genetically modified host cell. In one embodiment, the method comprises culturing a genetically modified host cell which expresses a first enzyme capable of catalyzing the dephosphorylation of an isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) or dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), such as a Bacillus subtilis phosphatase (YhfR), under a suitable condition so that 5-carbon alcohol is 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol and/or 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol is produced. Optionally, the host cell may further comprise a second enzyme capable of reducing a 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol to 3-methyl-butan-1-ol, such as a reductase.
  • The invention provides for a method of producing an isoprenyl alkanoate in a genetically modified host cell. In one embodiment, the method comprises culturing a genetically modified host cell which expresses an enzyme capable of catalyzing the esterification of an isoprenol and a straight-chain fatty acid, such as an alcohol acetyltransferase (AAT), wax ester synthase/diacylglycerol acyltransferase (WS/DGAT) or lipase, under a suitable condition so that the isoprenyl alkanoate is produced.
  • The present invention provides for a method of producing one or more fatty acid derived dicarboxylic acids in a genetically modified host cell which does not naturally produce the one or more derived fatty acid derived dicarboxylic acids. The invention provides for the biosynthesis of dicarboxylic acid ranging in length from C3 to C26. The host cell can be further modified to increase fatty acid production or export of the desired fatty acid derived compound, and/or decrease fatty acid storage or metabolism.
  • The present invention relates to cellulolytic compositions for degrading or converting cellulose-containing material and methods of producing and using the compositions.