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Title: Crystal Structure of Marburg Virus VP40 Reveals a Broad, Basic Patch for Matrix Assembly and a Requirement of the N-Terminal Domain for Immunosuppression

Abstract

Marburg virus (MARV), a member of the filovirus family, causes severe hemorrhagic fever with up to 90% lethality. MARV matrix protein VP40 is essential for assembly and release of newly copied viruses and also suppresses immune signaling in the infected cell. Here we report the crystal structure of MARV VP40. We found that MARV VP40 forms a dimer in solution, mediated by N-terminal domains, and that formation of this dimer is essential for budding of virus-like particles. We also found the N-terminal domain to be necessary and sufficient for immune antagonism. The C-terminal domains of MARV VP40 are dispensable for immunosuppression but are required for virus assembly. The C-terminal domains are only 16% identical to those of Ebola virus, differ in structure from those of Ebola virus, and form a distinct broad and flat cationic surface that likely interacts with the cell membrane during virus assembly. Marburg virus, a cousin of Ebola virus, causes severe hemorrhagic fever, with up to 90% lethality seen in recent outbreaks. Molecular structures and visual images of the proteins of Marburg virus are essential for the development of antiviral drugs. One key protein in the Marburg virus life cycle is VP40, which both assembles themore » virus and suppresses the immune system. Furthermore, we provide the molecular structure of Marburg virus VP40, illustrate differences from VP40 of Ebola virus, and reveal surfaces by which Marburg VP40 assembles progeny and suppresses immune function.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1]
  1. The Scripps Research Inst., La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  3. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  5. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, South Bend, IN (United States)
  6. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division; Japan Society for Promotion of Science; Health and Labor Sciences Research; HHS; National Institutes of Health (NIH); National Inst. of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS); Burroughs Wellcome Fund (BWF)
OSTI Identifier:
1252764
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AI081077; R44AI08843; T32GM075762
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Virology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-538X
Publisher:
American Society for Microbiology
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Oda, Shun-ichiro, Noda, Takeshi, Wijesinghe, Kaveesha J., Halfmann, Peter, Bornholdt, Zachary A., Abelson, Dafna M., Armbrust, Tammy, Stahelin, Robert V., Kawaoka, Yoshihiro, and Saphire, Erica Ollmann. Crystal Structure of Marburg Virus VP40 Reveals a Broad, Basic Patch for Matrix Assembly and a Requirement of the N-Terminal Domain for Immunosuppression. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1128/JVI.01597-15.
Oda, Shun-ichiro, Noda, Takeshi, Wijesinghe, Kaveesha J., Halfmann, Peter, Bornholdt, Zachary A., Abelson, Dafna M., Armbrust, Tammy, Stahelin, Robert V., Kawaoka, Yoshihiro, & Saphire, Erica Ollmann. Crystal Structure of Marburg Virus VP40 Reveals a Broad, Basic Patch for Matrix Assembly and a Requirement of the N-Terminal Domain for Immunosuppression. United States. doi:10.1128/JVI.01597-15.
Oda, Shun-ichiro, Noda, Takeshi, Wijesinghe, Kaveesha J., Halfmann, Peter, Bornholdt, Zachary A., Abelson, Dafna M., Armbrust, Tammy, Stahelin, Robert V., Kawaoka, Yoshihiro, and Saphire, Erica Ollmann. Thu . "Crystal Structure of Marburg Virus VP40 Reveals a Broad, Basic Patch for Matrix Assembly and a Requirement of the N-Terminal Domain for Immunosuppression". United States. doi:10.1128/JVI.01597-15. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1252764.
@article{osti_1252764,
title = {Crystal Structure of Marburg Virus VP40 Reveals a Broad, Basic Patch for Matrix Assembly and a Requirement of the N-Terminal Domain for Immunosuppression},
author = {Oda, Shun-ichiro and Noda, Takeshi and Wijesinghe, Kaveesha J. and Halfmann, Peter and Bornholdt, Zachary A. and Abelson, Dafna M. and Armbrust, Tammy and Stahelin, Robert V. and Kawaoka, Yoshihiro and Saphire, Erica Ollmann},
abstractNote = {Marburg virus (MARV), a member of the filovirus family, causes severe hemorrhagic fever with up to 90% lethality. MARV matrix protein VP40 is essential for assembly and release of newly copied viruses and also suppresses immune signaling in the infected cell. Here we report the crystal structure of MARV VP40. We found that MARV VP40 forms a dimer in solution, mediated by N-terminal domains, and that formation of this dimer is essential for budding of virus-like particles. We also found the N-terminal domain to be necessary and sufficient for immune antagonism. The C-terminal domains of MARV VP40 are dispensable for immunosuppression but are required for virus assembly. The C-terminal domains are only 16% identical to those of Ebola virus, differ in structure from those of Ebola virus, and form a distinct broad and flat cationic surface that likely interacts with the cell membrane during virus assembly. Marburg virus, a cousin of Ebola virus, causes severe hemorrhagic fever, with up to 90% lethality seen in recent outbreaks. Molecular structures and visual images of the proteins of Marburg virus are essential for the development of antiviral drugs. One key protein in the Marburg virus life cycle is VP40, which both assembles the virus and suppresses the immune system. Furthermore, we provide the molecular structure of Marburg virus VP40, illustrate differences from VP40 of Ebola virus, and reveal surfaces by which Marburg VP40 assembles progeny and suppresses immune function.},
doi = {10.1128/JVI.01597-15},
journal = {Journal of Virology},
issn = {0022-538X},
number = 4,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Structural exploration of viral matrix protein 40 interaction with the transition metal ions (Ag + and Cu 2+ )
    journal, November 2018


    Unveiling a Drift Resistant Cryptotope within Marburgvirus Nucleoprotein Recognized by Llama Single-Domain Antibodies
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    • Garza, John Anthony; Taylor, Alexander Bryan; Sherwood, Laura Jo
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