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Title: Spall behavior and damage evolution in tantalum

Abstract

The authors conducted a number of plate impact experiments using an 80-mm launcher to study dynamic void initiation, linkup, and spall in tantalum. The tests ranged in shock pressure so that the transition from void initiation, incipient spall, and full spall could be studied. Wave profiles were measured using a velocity interferometry system (VISAR), and targets were recovered using soft recovery techniques. The authors utilized scanning electron microscopy, metallographic cross-sections, and plateau etching to obtain quantitative information concerning damage evolution in tantalum under spall conditions. The data (wave profiles and micrographs) are analyzed in terms of a new theory and model of dynamic damage cluster growth. They have developed a model of ductile damage based on void coalescence of initially nucleated voids, that leads to clusters of voids. At low loading strain rates, the biggest cluster has time to grow much more rapidly than smaller clusters to break the sample. At high loading strain rates, large clusters cannot grow any faster than smaller clusters so the sample breaks when enough clusters grow independently to form a fracture surface by random accumulation.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
113961
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-95-2992; CONF-9509226-4
ON: DE96000018; TRN: 95:023139
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Conference: 15. Association for the International Advancement of High Pressure & Technology international conference, Warsaw (Poland), 11-15 Sep 1995; Other Information: PBD: [1995]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; TANTALUM; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; MICROSTRUCTURE; IMPACT TESTS; DATA ANALYSIS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; IMPACT STRENGTH; CRACKS; DUCTILITY

Citation Formats

Zurek, A K, Thissell, W R, and Tonks, D L. Spall behavior and damage evolution in tantalum. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/113961.
Zurek, A K, Thissell, W R, & Tonks, D L. Spall behavior and damage evolution in tantalum. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/113961
Zurek, A K, Thissell, W R, and Tonks, D L. Fri . "Spall behavior and damage evolution in tantalum". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/113961. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/113961.
@article{osti_113961,
title = {Spall behavior and damage evolution in tantalum},
author = {Zurek, A K and Thissell, W R and Tonks, D L},
abstractNote = {The authors conducted a number of plate impact experiments using an 80-mm launcher to study dynamic void initiation, linkup, and spall in tantalum. The tests ranged in shock pressure so that the transition from void initiation, incipient spall, and full spall could be studied. Wave profiles were measured using a velocity interferometry system (VISAR), and targets were recovered using soft recovery techniques. The authors utilized scanning electron microscopy, metallographic cross-sections, and plateau etching to obtain quantitative information concerning damage evolution in tantalum under spall conditions. The data (wave profiles and micrographs) are analyzed in terms of a new theory and model of dynamic damage cluster growth. They have developed a model of ductile damage based on void coalescence of initially nucleated voids, that leads to clusters of voids. At low loading strain rates, the biggest cluster has time to grow much more rapidly than smaller clusters to break the sample. At high loading strain rates, large clusters cannot grow any faster than smaller clusters so the sample breaks when enough clusters grow independently to form a fracture surface by random accumulation.},
doi = {10.2172/113961},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/113961}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {9}
}