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Title: Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.

Abstract

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is the world leader in the development of the detailed science underpinning the application of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology, referred to in this report as performance assessment (PA), for (1) understanding and forecasting the long-term behavior of a radioactive waste disposal system, (2) estimating the ability of the disposal system and its various components to isolate the waste, (3) developing regulations, (4) implementing programs to estimate the safety that the system can afford to individuals and to the environment, and (5) demonstrating compliance with the attendant regulatory requirements. This report documents the evolution of the SNL PA methodology from inception in the mid-1970s, summarizing major SNL PA applications including: the Subseabed Disposal Project PAs for high-level radioactive waste; the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant PAs for disposal of defense transuranic waste; the Yucca Mountain Project total system PAs for deep geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; PAs for the Greater Confinement Borehole Disposal boreholes at the Nevada National Security Site; and PA evaluations for disposal of high-level wastes and Department of Energy spent nuclear fuels stored at Idaho National Laboratory. In addition, the report summarizes smaller PA programs for long-term cover systemsmore » implemented for the Monticello, Utah, mill-tailings repository; a PA for the SNL Mixed Waste Landfill in support of environmental restoration; PA support for radioactive waste management efforts in Egypt, Iraq, and Taiwan; and, most recently, PAs for analysis of alternative high-level radioactive waste disposal strategies including repositories deep borehole disposal and geologic repositories in shale and granite. Finally, this report summarizes the extension of the PA methodology for radioactive waste disposal toward development of an enhanced PA system for carbon sequestration and storage systems. These efforts have produced a generic PA methodology for the evaluation of waste management systems that has gained wide acceptance within the international community. This report documents how this methodology has been used as an effective management tool to evaluate different disposal designs and sites; inform development of regulatory requirements; identify, prioritize, and guide research aimed at reducing uncertainties for objective estimations of risk; and support safety assessments.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Raytheon Ktech, Albuquerque, NM
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1031300
Report Number(s):
SAND2011-8270
TRN: US1200107
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; BOREHOLES; CARBON SEQUESTRATION; COMPLIANCE; CONFINEMENT; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; MANAGEMENT; MILL TAILINGS; NUCLEAR FUELS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; REGULATIONS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SAFETY; SANITARY LANDFILLS; STORAGE; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WIPP; YUCCA MOUNTAIN

Citation Formats

Marietta, Melvin Gary, Anderson, D Richard, Bonano, Evaristo J, and Meacham, Paul Gregory. Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.2172/1031300.
Marietta, Melvin Gary, Anderson, D Richard, Bonano, Evaristo J, & Meacham, Paul Gregory. Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1031300
Marietta, Melvin Gary, Anderson, D Richard, Bonano, Evaristo J, and Meacham, Paul Gregory. Tue . "Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1031300. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1031300.
@article{osti_1031300,
title = {Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.},
author = {Marietta, Melvin Gary and Anderson, D Richard and Bonano, Evaristo J and Meacham, Paul Gregory},
abstractNote = {Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is the world leader in the development of the detailed science underpinning the application of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology, referred to in this report as performance assessment (PA), for (1) understanding and forecasting the long-term behavior of a radioactive waste disposal system, (2) estimating the ability of the disposal system and its various components to isolate the waste, (3) developing regulations, (4) implementing programs to estimate the safety that the system can afford to individuals and to the environment, and (5) demonstrating compliance with the attendant regulatory requirements. This report documents the evolution of the SNL PA methodology from inception in the mid-1970s, summarizing major SNL PA applications including: the Subseabed Disposal Project PAs for high-level radioactive waste; the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant PAs for disposal of defense transuranic waste; the Yucca Mountain Project total system PAs for deep geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; PAs for the Greater Confinement Borehole Disposal boreholes at the Nevada National Security Site; and PA evaluations for disposal of high-level wastes and Department of Energy spent nuclear fuels stored at Idaho National Laboratory. In addition, the report summarizes smaller PA programs for long-term cover systems implemented for the Monticello, Utah, mill-tailings repository; a PA for the SNL Mixed Waste Landfill in support of environmental restoration; PA support for radioactive waste management efforts in Egypt, Iraq, and Taiwan; and, most recently, PAs for analysis of alternative high-level radioactive waste disposal strategies including repositories deep borehole disposal and geologic repositories in shale and granite. Finally, this report summarizes the extension of the PA methodology for radioactive waste disposal toward development of an enhanced PA system for carbon sequestration and storage systems. These efforts have produced a generic PA methodology for the evaluation of waste management systems that has gained wide acceptance within the international community. This report documents how this methodology has been used as an effective management tool to evaluate different disposal designs and sites; inform development of regulatory requirements; identify, prioritize, and guide research aimed at reducing uncertainties for objective estimations of risk; and support safety assessments.},
doi = {10.2172/1031300},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1031300}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {11}
}