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Title: Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

Abstract

This study examines the uptake of explosives by vegetation growing on soils contaminated by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). Plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled and analyzed to determine TNT uptake under natural field conditions. Standard USATHAMA methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. No- explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, results indicate that TNT, 2-aminodinitrotoluene (2-ADNT), and/or 4-ADNT were present in some root samples. The presence of 2-ADNT and 4-ADNT increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
  2. University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL (United States). Agronomy Dept.
  3. US Army Environmental Center, Edgewood, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10166502
Report Number(s):
ANL/ES/CP-82473; CONF-9406213-1
ON: DE94015066; TRN: 94:014624
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 18. annual army environmental R&D symposium,Williamsburg, VA (United States),28-30 Jun 1994; Other Information: PBD: Jun 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; TNT; ROOT ABSORPTION; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; POLLUTION; PLANTS; MILITARY FACILITIES; EXPLOSIVES; 540220; 450600; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT; CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL

Citation Formats

Schneider, J.F., Tomczyk, N.A., Zellmer, S.D., Banwart, W.L., and Houser, W.P. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Schneider, J.F., Tomczyk, N.A., Zellmer, S.D., Banwart, W.L., & Houser, W.P. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant. United States.
Schneider, J.F., Tomczyk, N.A., Zellmer, S.D., Banwart, W.L., and Houser, W.P. Wed . "Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10166502.
@article{osti_10166502,
title = {Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant},
author = {Schneider, J.F. and Tomczyk, N.A. and Zellmer, S.D. and Banwart, W.L. and Houser, W.P.},
abstractNote = {This study examines the uptake of explosives by vegetation growing on soils contaminated by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). Plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled and analyzed to determine TNT uptake under natural field conditions. Standard USATHAMA methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. No- explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, results indicate that TNT, 2-aminodinitrotoluene (2-ADNT), and/or 4-ADNT were present in some root samples. The presence of 2-ADNT and 4-ADNT increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1994},
month = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1994}
}

Conference:
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