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Title: Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

Abstract

The expert panel identified basic principles to guide current and future marker development efforts: (1) the site must be marked, (2) message(s) must be truthful and informative, (3) multiple components within a marker system, (4) multiple means of communication (e.g., language, pictographs, scientific diagrams), (5) multiple levels of complexity within individual messages on individual marker system elements, (6) use of materials with little recycle value, and (7) international effort to maintain knowledge of the locations and contents of nuclear waste repositories. The efficacy of the markers in deterring inadvertent human intrusion was estimated to decrease with time, with the probability function varying with the mode of intrusion (who is intruding and for what purpose) and the level of technological development of the society. The development of a permanent, passive marker system capable of surviving and remaining interpretable for 10,000 years will require further study prior to implementation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Hawaii Univ., Hilo, HI (United States)
  3. Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10117359
Report Number(s):
SAND-92-1382
ON: DE94005703; BR: GB0103012; TRN: 94:003508
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Nov 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; WIPP; HUMAN INTRUSION; ALPHA-BEARING WASTES; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; RADIATION HAZARDS; COMMUNICATIONS; SAFETY; RECOMMENDATIONS; DESIGN; 052002; 054000; WASTE DISPOSAL AND STORAGE; HEALTH AND SAFETY

Citation Formats

Trauth, K.M., Hora, S.C., and Guzowski, R.V. Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. United States: N. p., 1993. Web. doi:10.2172/10117359.
Trauth, K.M., Hora, S.C., & Guzowski, R.V. Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. United States. doi:10.2172/10117359.
Trauth, K.M., Hora, S.C., and Guzowski, R.V. Mon . "Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant". United States. doi:10.2172/10117359. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10117359.
@article{osti_10117359,
title = {Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant},
author = {Trauth, K.M. and Hora, S.C. and Guzowski, R.V.},
abstractNote = {The expert panel identified basic principles to guide current and future marker development efforts: (1) the site must be marked, (2) message(s) must be truthful and informative, (3) multiple components within a marker system, (4) multiple means of communication (e.g., language, pictographs, scientific diagrams), (5) multiple levels of complexity within individual messages on individual marker system elements, (6) use of materials with little recycle value, and (7) international effort to maintain knowledge of the locations and contents of nuclear waste repositories. The efficacy of the markers in deterring inadvertent human intrusion was estimated to decrease with time, with the probability function varying with the mode of intrusion (who is intruding and for what purpose) and the level of technological development of the society. The development of a permanent, passive marker system capable of surviving and remaining interpretable for 10,000 years will require further study prior to implementation.},
doi = {10.2172/10117359},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Nov 01 00:00:00 EST 1993},
month = {Mon Nov 01 00:00:00 EST 1993}
}

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