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Title: Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Abstract

Methane is an important contributor to global warming with a total climate forcing estimated to be close to 20% that of carbon dioxide (CO2) over the past two decades. The largest anthropogenic source of methane in the US is 'conventional' landfills, which account for over 30% of anthropogenic emissions. While controlling greenhouse gas emissions must necessarily focus on large CO2 sources, attention to reducing CH4 emissions from landfills can result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions at low cost. For example, the use of 'controlled' or bioreactor landfilling has been estimated to reduce annual US greenhouse emissions by about 15-30 million tons of CO2 carbon (equivalent) at costs between $3-13/ton carbon. In this project we developed or advanced new management approaches, landfill designs, and landfill operating procedures for bioreactor landfills. These advances are needed to address lingering concerns about bioreactor landfills (e.g., efficient collection of increased CH4 generation) in the waste management industry, concerns that hamper bioreactor implementation and the consequent reductions in CH4 emissions. Collectively, the advances described in this report should result in better control of bioreactor landfills and reductions in CH4 emissions. Several advances are important components of an Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS).

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University Of Delaware
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1010951
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-05NT42432
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOREACTORS; CARBON; CARBON DIOXIDE; CLIMATES; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; GREENHOUSE GASES; IMPLEMENTATION; INFORMATION SYSTEMS; MANAGEMENT; METHANE; MITIGATION; SANITARY LANDFILLS; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Paul Imhoff, Ramin Yazdani, Don Augenstein, Harold Bentley, and Pei Chiu. Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.2172/1010951.
Paul Imhoff, Ramin Yazdani, Don Augenstein, Harold Bentley, & Pei Chiu. Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. United States. doi:10.2172/1010951.
Paul Imhoff, Ramin Yazdani, Don Augenstein, Harold Bentley, and Pei Chiu. Fri . "Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions". United States. doi:10.2172/1010951. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1010951.
@article{osti_1010951,
title = {Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions},
author = {Paul Imhoff and Ramin Yazdani and Don Augenstein and Harold Bentley and Pei Chiu},
abstractNote = {Methane is an important contributor to global warming with a total climate forcing estimated to be close to 20% that of carbon dioxide (CO2) over the past two decades. The largest anthropogenic source of methane in the US is 'conventional' landfills, which account for over 30% of anthropogenic emissions. While controlling greenhouse gas emissions must necessarily focus on large CO2 sources, attention to reducing CH4 emissions from landfills can result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions at low cost. For example, the use of 'controlled' or bioreactor landfilling has been estimated to reduce annual US greenhouse emissions by about 15-30 million tons of CO2 carbon (equivalent) at costs between $3-13/ton carbon. In this project we developed or advanced new management approaches, landfill designs, and landfill operating procedures for bioreactor landfills. These advances are needed to address lingering concerns about bioreactor landfills (e.g., efficient collection of increased CH4 generation) in the waste management industry, concerns that hamper bioreactor implementation and the consequent reductions in CH4 emissions. Collectively, the advances described in this report should result in better control of bioreactor landfills and reductions in CH4 emissions. Several advances are important components of an Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS).},
doi = {10.2172/1010951},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Apr 30 00:00:00 EDT 2010},
month = {Fri Apr 30 00:00:00 EDT 2010}
}

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