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Title: Future U.S. water consumption : The role of energy production.

This study investigates how meeting domestic energy production targets for both fossil and renewable fuels may affect future water demand. It combines projections of energy production developed by the U.S. Department of Energy with estimates of water consumption on a per-unit basis (water-consumption coefficients) for coal, oil, gas, and biofuels production, to estimate and compare the domestic freshwater consumed. Although total domestic freshwater consumption is expected to increase by nearly 7% between 2005 and 2030, water consumed for energy production is expected to increase by nearly 70%, and water consumed for biofuels (biodiesel and ethanol) production is expected to increase by almost 250%. By 2030, water consumed in the production of biofuels is projected to account for nearly half of the total amount of water consumed in the production of all energy fuels. Most of this is for irrigation, and the West North Central Region is projected to consume most of this water in 2030. These findings identify an important potential future conflict between renewable energy production and water availability that warrants further investigation and action to ensure that future domestic energy demand can be met in an economically efficient and environmentally sustainable manner.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
982642
Report Number(s):
ANL/EVS/JA-64408
Journal ID: 1093-474X; TRN: US201015%%1252
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Am. Water. Resour. Assoc.; Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 3 ; Jun. 2010
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Sponsoring Org:
FE; NETL
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; AVAILABILITY; BIOFUELS; COAL; ENERGY; ENERGY DEMAND; ETHANOL; FOSSILS; FUELS; IRRIGATION; MEETINGS; POTENTIALS; PRODUCTION; TARGETS; USA; WATER; WATER REQUIREMENTS