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Title: Direct-Write Contacts: Metallization and Contact Formation; Preprint

Using direct-write approaches in photovoltaics for metallization and contact formation can significantly reduce the cost per watt of producing photovoltaic devices. Inks have been developed for various materials, such as Ag, Cu, Ni and Al, which can be used to inkjet print metallizations for various kinds of photovoltaic devices. Use of these inks results in metallization with resistivities close to those of bulk materials. By means of inkjet printing a metallization grid can be printed with better resolution, i.e. smaller lines, than screen-printing. Also inks have been developed to deposit transparent conductive oxide films by means of ultrasonic spraying.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
929617
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-520-42535
TRN: US200813%%267
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-99-GO10337
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 33rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 11-16 May 2008, San Diego, California
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 42 ENGINEERING; OXIDES; RESOLUTION; SCREEN PRINTING; ULTRASONIC WAVES PV; DIRECT-WIRE CONTACT; INKJET PRINTING; TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE OXIDE; ULTRASONIC SPRAYING; METAL ORGANIC DECOMPOSITION; METALLIZATION; Solar Energy - Photovoltaics