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Title: Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

Given the range of fuel cycle goals and criteria, and the wide range of fuel cycle options, how can the set of options eventually be narrowed in a transparent and justifiable fashion? It is impractical to develop all options. We suggest an approach that starts by considering a range of goals for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) and then posits seven questions, such as whether Cs and Sr isotopes should be separated from spent fuel and, if so, what should be done with them. For each question, we consider which of the goals may be relevant to eventually providing answers. The AFCI program has both ''outcome'' and ''process'' goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geologic repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are rea diness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
839341
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Americas Nuclear Energy Symposium (ANES 2004), Miami, FL (US), 10/03/2004--10/06/2004; Other Information: PBD: 3 Oct 2004
Research Org:
Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID (US); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org:
US Department of Energy (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; CAPACITY; ECONOMICS; FUEL CYCLE; NUCLEAR ENERGY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PROLIFERATION; SAFETY; SECURITY; SPENT FUELS; WASTES; ADVANCED FUEL CYCLE INITIATIVE (AFCI); SPENT FUEL