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Title: India's Fertilizer Industry: Productivity and Energy Efficiency

Historical estimates of productivity growth in India's fertilizer sector vary from indicating an improvement to a decline in the sector's productivity. The variance may be traced to the time period of study, source of data for analysis, and type of indices and econometric specifications used for reporting productivity growth. Our analysis shows that in the twenty year period, 1973 to 1993, productivity in the fertilizer sector increased by 2.3% per annum. An econometric analysis reveals that technical progress in India's fertilizer sector has been biased towards the use of energy, while it has been capital and labor saving. The increase in productivity took place during the era of total control when a retention price system and distribution control was in effect. With liberalization of the fertilizer sector and reduction of subsidies productivity declined substantially since the early 1990s. Industrial policies and fiscal incentives still play a major role in the Indian fertilizer sect or. As substantial energy savings and carbon reduction potential exists, energy policies can help overcome barriers to the adoption of these measures in giving proper incentives and correcting distorted prices.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
764326
Report Number(s):
LBNL--41846
R&D Project: 673201; TRN: AH200102%%119
DOE Contract Number:
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jul 1999
Research Org:
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Director, Office of Science. Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Environmental Sciences Division (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; FERTILIZER INDUSTRY; FERTILIZERS; FINANCIAL INCENTIVES; PRODUCTIVITY; INDIA; HISTORICAL ASPECTS POLICY ENERGY EFFICIENCY