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Title: TVA/DOE Integrated Onfarm Alcohol Production System Alternate Feedstock Evaluations

The purpose of this Interagency research project is to study the feasibility of small-scale fuel alcohol production from agricultural crops. The project was conducted in three phases. Phase I included an assessment of the potential for fuel alcohol production from agricultural crops and design, construction, and startup operation of a 10-gallon-per-hour evaluation facility. Phase II included validation and optimization of the facility with a corn feedstock, modifications to the base unit to accommodate nongrain feedstocks, initial production and conversion evaluations of nongrain feedstocks, and preparation of a construction and operation manual. Phase III included further evaluations and refinement of processes and equipment for handling nongrain feedstocks, evaluation of stillage by-products as feeds, and development of agricultural systems for integrating alcohol production with other farm enterprises. This report provides: (1) a brief background of Phase I-III activities; (2) results of alternate feedstock choices, cultural trials, and testing results; (3) a description of the process for ethanol production from starch and sugar feedstocks; and (4) conversion procedures, sterilization requirements, and distillation methods for several feedstocks. 23 refs., 8 figs., 25 tabs.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. (comp.)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6224927
Report Number(s):
DOE/CS/80010-T9
ON: DE86003905
DOE Contract Number:
AI01-80CS80010
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Research Org:
Tennessee Valley Authority, Muscle Shoals, AL (USA). Office of Agricultural and Chemical Development
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ETHANOL; PRODUCTION; ETHANOL PLANTS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; BY-PRODUCTS; COORDINATED RESEARCH PROGRAMS; CROPS; EQUIPMENT; FERMENTATION; MAIZE; MANUALS; TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY; US DOE; ALCOHOLS; BIOCONVERSION; CEREALS; DOCUMENT TYPES; GRASS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; US ORGANIZATIONS 090222* -- Alcohol Fuels-- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass-- (1976-1989); 140504 -- Solar Energy Conversion-- Biomass Production & Conversion-- (-1989)