Remote sensing and spectral analysis of plumes from ocean dumping in the New York Bight Apex
The application of the remote sensing techniques of aerial photography and multispectral scanning in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of plumes from ocean dumping of waste materials is investigated in the New York Bight Apex. Plumes resulting from the dumping of acid waste and sewage sludge were observed by Ocean Color Scanner at an altitude of 19.7 km and by Modular Multispectral Scanner and mapping camera at an altitude of 3.0 km. Results of the qualitative analysis of multispectral and photographic data for the mapping, location, and identification of pollution features without concurrent sea truth measurements are presented which demonstrate the usefulness of in-scene calibration. Quantitative distributions of the suspended solids in sewage sludge released in spot and line dumps are also determined by a multiple regression analysis of multispectral and sea truth data.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Resource Type:
- Journal Article
- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Remote Sensing Environ.; (United States); Journal Volume: 9
- Research Org:
- NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va.
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; NEW YORK BIGHT; AERIAL SURVEYING; SEWAGE; MARINE DISPOSAL; WATER POLLUTION; ATLANTIC OCEAN; CALIBRATION; MAPPING; NEW YORK; PLUMES; REMOTE SENSING; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; WASTE DISPOSAL; DISTRIBUTION; MANAGEMENT; MID-ATLANTIC REGION; NORTH AMERICA; POLLUTION; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; USA; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES 520200* -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)