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Title: Characterization of ambient air pollution for stochastic health models

This research is an analysis of various measures of ambient air pollution useful in cross-sectional epidemiological investigations and rick assessments. The Chestnut Ridge area health effects investigation, which includes a cross-sectional study of respiratory symptoms in young children, is used as a case study. Four large coal-fired electric generating power plants are the dominant pollution sources in this area of western Pennsylvania. The air pollution data base includes four years of sulfur dioxide and five years of total suspended particulate concentrations at seventeen monitors. Some 70 different characterizations of pollution are constructed and tested. These include pollutant concentrations at various percentiles and averaging times, exceedence measures which show the amount of time a specified threshold concentration is exceeded, and several dosage measures which transform non-linear dose-response relationships onto pollutant concentrations.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5676081
Report Number(s):
DOE/EV/04968-5
ON: DE82005462
DOE Contract Number:
AS02-78EV04968
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge (USA). Energy Lab.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; AIR POLLUTION; HEALTH HAZARDS; EPIDEMIOLOGY; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; SULFUR DIOXIDE; CHALCOGENIDES; DISEASES; HAZARDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES 500100* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Basic Studies-- (-1989); 570000 -- Health & Safety; 016000 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Health & Safety