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Title: Radioactive waste disposal in simulated peat bog repositories

The Low Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 have required state governments to be responsible for providing low-level waste (LLW) disposal facilities in their respective areas. Questions are (a) is the technology sufficiently advanced to ensure that radioactive wastes can be stored for 300 to 1000 yr without entering into any uncontrolled area. (b) since actual experience does not exist for nuclear waste disposal over this time period, can the mathematical models developed be tested and verified using unequivocal data. (c) how can the public perception of the problem be addressed and the potential risk assessment of the hazards be communicated. To address the technical problems of nuclear waste disposal in the acid precipitation regions of the Northern Hemisphere, a project was initiated in 1984 to evaluate an alternative method of nuclear waste disposal that may not rely completely on engineered barriers to protect the public. Certain natural biogeochemical systems have been retaining deposited materials since the last Ice Age (12,000 to 15,000 yr). It is the authors belief that the biogeochemical system of wetlands and peat bogs may provide an example of an analogue for a nuclearmore » waste repository system that can be tested and verified over a sufficient time period, at least for the LLW disposal problem.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5660285
Report Number(s):
CONF-870601-
Journal ID: CODEN: TANSA; TRN: 88-009714
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc.; (United States); Journal Volume: 54; Conference: Annual meeting of the American Nuclear Society, Dallas, TX, USA, 7 Jun 1987
Research Org:
Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; SOILS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; CESIUM 137; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; PEAT; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SOURCE TERMS; WASTE DISPOSAL ACTS; ACCIDENTS; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; ENERGY SOURCES; ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS; ISOTOPES; LAWS; LWGR TYPE REACTORS; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ORGANIC MATTER; POWER REACTORS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTORS; THERMAL REACTORS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; WATER COOLED REACTORS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 052002* -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage