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Title: Energy coupling and plume dynamics during high power laser heating of metals

High power laser heating of metals was studied utilizing experimental and numerical methods with an emphasis on the laser energy coupling with a target and on the dynamics of the laser generated vapor flow. Rigorous theoretical modeling of the heating, melting, and evaporation of metals due to laser radiation with a power density below the plasma shielding threshold was carried out. Experimentally, the probe beam deflection technique was utilized to measure the propagation of a laser induced shock wave. The effects of a cylindrical cavity in a metal surface on the laser energy coupling with a solid were investigated utilizing photothermal deflection measurements. A numerical calculation of target temperature and photothermal deflection was performed to compare with the measured results. Reflection of the heating laser beam inside the cavity was found to increase the photothermal deflection amplitude significantly and to enhance the overall energy coupling between a heating laser beam and a solid. Next, unsteady vaporization of metals due to nanosecond pulsed laser heating with an ambient gas at finite pressure was analyzed with a one dimensional thermal evaporation model for target heating and one dimensional compressible flow equations for inviscid fluid for the vapor flow. Lastly, the propagation ofmore » a shock wave during excimer laser heating of aluminum was measured with the probe beam deflection technique. The transit time of the shock wave was measured at the elevation of the probe beam above the target surface; these results were compared with the predicted behavior using ideal blast wave theory. The propagation of a gaseous material plume was also observed from the deflection of the probe beam at later times.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
527530
Report Number(s):
LBNL--40364
ON: DE97008859; TRN: AHC29720%%122
DOE Contract Number:
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.); PBD: May 1997
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Research, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; METALS; ABLATION; LASER RADIATION; PLUMES; ENERGY ABSORPTION; LASER-PRODUCED PLASMA; MELTING; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; THEORETICAL DATA; EVAPORATION; SHOCK WAVES; USES; MANUFACTURING; PHYSICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; HEATING