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Title: Transfer of sup 137 Cs to milk and meat in Hungary from Chernobyl fallout with comparisons of worldwide fallout in the 1960s

Transfer coefficients for 137Cs from the Chernobyl accident were determined for milk (Fm) and meat (Ff) of cows and sheep in Hungary. Fm and Ff for both cows and sheep fed forage harvested within 1 mo of the accident were lower than results reported for worldwide fallout from weapons tests. Forage harvested 60 d or later after the accident produced an Fm similar to results from feeding soluble 134Cs. The results are interpreted to indicate three distinct categories of Fm about 2.0 X 10(-3), 4.0 X 10(-3) and 1.4 X 10(-2) d L-1, respectively, for Chernobyl fallout, worldwide fallout and soluble Cs isotopes or 137Cs contained in plants from soil uptake.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins (USA))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5257584
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Physics; (USA); Journal Volume: 57:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CESIUM 137; UPTAKE; FOOD CHAINS; CONTAMINATION; HUNGARY; FALLOUT; CATTLE; CESIUM 134; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FORAGE; GLOBAL FALLOUT; MEAT; MILK; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; SHEEP; SOILS; UKRAINIAN SSR; ACCIDENTS; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ANIMAL FEEDS; ANIMALS; ASIA; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BODY FLUIDS; CESIUM ISOTOPES; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; EASTERN EUROPE; ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS; EUROPE; FOOD; GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS; HOURS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; INTERNAL CONVERSION RADIOISOTOPES; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; LWGR TYPE REACTORS; MAMMALS; MATERIALS; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; POWER REACTORS; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTORS; RUMINANTS; THERMAL REACTORS; USSR; VERTEBRATES; WATER COOLED REACTORS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 560162* -- Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology-- Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, & Cells