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Title: THE VERY EARLY LIGHT CURVE OF SN 2015F IN NGC 2442: A POSSIBLE DETECTION OF SHOCK-HEATED COOLING EMISSION AND CONSTRAINTS ON SN Ia PROGENITOR SYSTEM

The main progenitor candidates of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are white dwarfs in binary systems where the companion star is another white dwarf (double degenerate (DD) system) or a less-evolved, non-degenerate star with R{sub *} ≳ 0.1 R{sub ⊙} (single degenerate system). However, no direct observational evidence exists to tell us which progenitor system is more common. Recent studies suggest that the light curve of a supernova shortly after its explosion can be used to set a limit on the progenitor size, R{sub *}. Here, we report high-cadence monitoring observations of SN 2015F, a normal SN Ia in the galaxy NGC 2442, starting about 84 days before the first light time. Using our daily cadence data, we capture the emergence of the radioactively powered light curve; more importantly, with >97.4% confidence, we detect possible dim precursor emission that appears roughly 1.5 days before the rise of the radioactively powered emission. The signal is consistent with theoretical expectations for a progenitor system involving a companion star with R{sub *} ≃ 0.1–1 R{sub ⊙} or a prompt explosion of a DD system, but is inconsistent with the typically invoked size of a white dwarf progenitor of R{sub *} ∼ 0.01 R{submore » ⊙}. Upper limits on the precursor emission also constrain the progenitor size to be R{sub *} ≲ 0.1 R{sub ⊙} with a companion star size of R{sub *} ≲ 1.0 R{sub ⊙}, excluding a very large companion star in the progenitor system. Additionally, we find that the distance to SN 2015F is 23.9 ± 0.4 Mpc.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Center for the Exploration of the Origin of the universe (CEOU), Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
  3. Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute, Tashkent (Uzbekistan)
  4. Kleinkaroo Observatory, Center for Backyard Astrophysics Kleinkaroo, Sint Helena 1B, P.O. Box 281, Calitzdorp 6660 (South Africa)
  5. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22520066
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series; Journal Volume: 221; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COOLING; DETECTION; DIAGRAMS; DISTANCE; GALAXIES; ION EMISSION; LIMITING VALUES; MONITORING; RED SHIFT; STAR CLUSTERS; SUPERNOVAE; VISIBLE RADIATION; WHITE DWARF STARS