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Title: ENHANCEMENT OF THE 6.4 keV LINE IN THE INNER GALACTIC RIDGE: PROTON-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE?

A common idea for the origin of the Galactic diffuse X-ray emission, particularly that of the iron lines from neutral and highly ionized atoms, is a superposition of many cataclysmic variables and coronally active binaries. In this scenario, the flux should symmetrically distribute between the east and west on the plane with respect to Sagittarius A* because the stellar mass distribution determined by infrared observations is nearly symmetric. This symmetry is confirmed for the highly ionized iron line as well as the continuum emission. However, a clear excess of the neutral iron line in the near east of the Galactic center compared to the near-west side is found. The flux distribution of the excess emission well correlates with the molecular column density. The X-ray spectrum of the excess emission is described by a power-law continuum plus a 6.4 keV line with a large equivalent width of ∼1.3 keV, which is hardly explained by the low-energy electron bombardment scenario. The longitudinal and latitudinal distribution of the excess emission disfavors the X-ray irradiation, either by Sagittarius A* or by nearby X-ray binaries. Then, the low-energy proton bombardment is the most probable origin, although the high-energy density ∼80 eV cm{sup −3} in 0.1–1000more » MeV is required and there is no conventional proton source in the vicinity.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ; ;  [4]
  1. Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)
  2. Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529 (Japan)
  3. Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan)
  4. P. N. Lebedev Institute, Leninskii pr, 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22518943
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 807; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ATOMS; BINARY STARS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMIC X-RAY SOURCES; ELECTRON BEAMS; ENERGY DENSITY; EV RANGE; FLUORESCENCE; IRON; IRRADIATION; KEV RANGE; MASS DISTRIBUTION; MEV RANGE; MILKY WAY; X-RAY SPECTRA