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Title: Highlights in light-baryon spectroscopy and searches for gluonic excitations

The spectrum of excited hadrons - mesons and baryons - serves as an excellent probe of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the fundamental theory of the strong interaction. The strong coupling however makes QCD challenging. It confines quarks and breaks chiral symmetry, thus providing us with the world of light hadrons. Highly-excited hadronic states are sensitive to the details of quark confinement, which is only poorly understood within QCD. This is the regime of non-perturbative QCD and it is one of the key issues in hadronic physics to identify the corresponding internal degrees of freedom and how they relate to strong coupling QCD. The quark model suggests mesons are made of a constituent quark and an antiquark and baryons consist of three such quarks. QCD predicts other forms of matter. What is the role of glue? Resonances with large gluonic components are predicted as bound states by QCD. The lightest hybrid mesons with exotic quantum numbers are estimated to have masses in the range from 1 to 2 GeV/c{sup 2} and are well in reach of current experimental programs. At Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) and other facilities worldwide, the high-energy electron and photon beams present a remarkably clean probe of hadronic matter, providingmore » an excellent microscope for examining atomic nuclei and the strong nuclear force.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Florida State University, Department of Physics, Tallahassee, FL 32306, Florida (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22499013
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1701; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 11. conference on quark confinement and hadron spectrum, Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation), 8-12 Sep 2014; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANTIQUARKS; BAG MODEL; BARYON SPECTROSCOPY; BARYONS; BOUND STATE; CEBAF ACCELERATOR; CHIRAL SYMMETRY; ELECTRONS; EXCITATION; GEV RANGE 01-10; MESONS; NUCLEAR FORCES; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; QUANTUM NUMBERS; STRONG INTERACTIONS; STRONG-COUPLING MODEL