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Title: SU-E-T-598: Parametric Equation for Quick and Reliable Estimate of Stray Neutron Doses in Proton Therapy and Application for Intracranial Tumor Treatments

Purpose: Development of a parametric equation suitable for a daily use in routine clinic to provide estimates of stray neutron doses in proton therapy. Methods: Monte Carlo (MC) calculations using the UF-NCI 1-year-old phantom were exercised to determine the variation of stray neutron doses as a function of irradiation parameters while performing intracranial treatments. This was done by individually changing the proton beam energy, modulation width, collimator aperture and thickness, compensator thickness and the air gap size while their impact on neutron doses were put into a single equation. The variation of neutron doses with distance from the target volume was also included in it. Then, a first step consisted in establishing the fitting coefficients by using 221 learning data which were neutron absorbed doses obtained with MC simulations while a second step consisted in validating the final equation. Results: The variation of stray neutron doses with irradiation parameters were fitted with linear, polynomial, etc. model while a power-law model was used to fit the variation of stray neutron doses with the distance from the target volume. The parametric equation fitted well MC simulations while establishing fitting coefficients as the discrepancies on the estimate of neutron absorbed doses were withinmore » 10%. The discrepancy can reach ∼25% for the bladder, the farthest organ from the target volume. Finally, the validation showed results in compliance with MC calculations since the discrepancies were also within 10% for head-and-neck and thoracic organs while they can reach ∼25%, again for pelvic organs. Conclusion: The parametric equation presents promising results and will be validated for other target sites as well as other facilities to go towards a universal method.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), Fontenay-aux-roses (France)
  2. Institut Curie Centre de Protontherapie d Orsay (CPO), Orsay (France)
  3. Centre Antoine Lacassagne (CAL) Cyclotron biomedical, Nice (France)
  4. National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States)
  5. Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22496311
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ABSORBED RADIATION DOSES; EQUATIONS; IRRADIATION; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NEUTRON BEAMS; PHANTOMS; PROTON BEAMS; RADIOTHERAPY; SIMULATION; VARIATIONS