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Title: Phase transitions, domain structure, and pseudosymmetry in La- and Ti-doped BiFeO{sub 3}

The phase transitions and domain structure of the promising PbO-free solid solution series, (0.95-x)BiFeO{sub 3}-xLaFeO{sub 3}-0.05La{sub 2/3}TiO{sub 3}, were investigated. X ray diffraction (XRD) revealed a transition from a ferroelectric R3c to a PbZrO{sub 3}-like (Pbam) antiferroelectric (AFE) structure at x = 0.15 followed by a transition to a paraelectric (PE, Pnma) phase at x > 0.30. The ferroelastic/ferroelectric twin domain width decreased to 10–20 nm with increasing x as the AFE phase boundary was approached but coherent antiphase tilted domains were an order of magnitude greater. This domain structure suggested the local symmetry (20 nm) is lower than the average structure (R3c, a{sup −}a{sup −}a{sup −}) of the tilted regions. The PE phase (x = 0.35) exhibited a dominant a{sup −}a{sup −}c{sup +} tilt system with Pnma symmetry but diffuse reflections at ∼1/4(ooe) positions suggest that short range antipolar order is residual in the PE phase. The complex domain structure and phase assemblage of this system challenge the conventional interpretation of phase transitions based on macroscopic symmetry. Instead, it supports the notion that frustration driven by chemical distributions at the nanometric level influences the local or pseudo-symmetry as well as the domain structure, with XRD giving only the average macroscopic structure.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Functional Materials and Devices, Materials Science and Engineering, Sir Robert Hadfield Building, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)
  2. Materials and Engineering Research Institute, Sheffield Hallam University, Howard Street, Sheffield S1 1WB (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494971
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; DOPED MATERIALS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; LEAD OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; REFLECTION; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SYMMETRY; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION