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Title: Impurity and defect interactions during laser thermal annealing in Ge

The microscopic mechanisms involving dopants, contaminants, and defects in Ge during pulsed melting laser thermal annealing (LTA) are investigated in detail. Samples both un-implanted and implanted with As or B are processed by LTA as well as characterized in terms of chemical (1D and 3D), electrical, and strain profiling. The clustering of As is directly measured by 3D chemical profiling and correlated with its partial electrical activation along with a reduction of the lattice strain induced by As atoms. A semi-quantitative microscopic model involving the interaction with mobile As-vacancy (AsV) complexes is proposed to describe the clustering mechanism. Boron is shown to follow different clustering behavior that changes with depth and marked by completely different strain levels. Oxygen penetrates from the surface into all the samples as a result of LTA and, only in un-implanted Ge, it occupies an interstitial position inducing also positive strain in the lattice. On the contrary, data suggest that the presence of As or B forces O to assume different configurations with negligible strain, through O-V or O-B interactions for the two dopant species, respectively. These data suggest that LTA does not inject a significant amount of vacancies in Ge, at variance with Si, unlessmore » As atoms or possibly other n-type dopants are present. These results have to be carefully considered for modeling the LTA process in Ge and its implementation in technology.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ; ;  [6]
  1. CNR-IMM MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)
  2. CNR-IMM MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy)
  3. (France)
  4. CNR-IMM, Z.I. VIII Strada 5, 95121 Catania (Italy)
  5. CNR-IMM, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma (Italy)
  6. IM2NP, CNRS-Universités d'Aix-Marseille et de Toulon, Case 142, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494961
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANNEALING; ATOMS; BORON; DEPTH; DOPED MATERIALS; IMPURITIES; LASERS; MELTING; PULSES; SIMULATION; STRAINS; SURFACES; VACANCIES