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Title: Localized surface plasmon-influenced fluorescence decay in dye-doped metallo-dielectric opals

Well-ordered opaline photonic crystals are grown by inward growing self-assembly method from Rhodamine B dye-doped polystyrene colloids. Subsequent to self-assembly, the crystals are infiltrated with gold nanoparticles of 40 nm diameter. Measurements of the stopband features and photoluminescence intensity from these crystals are supplemented by fluorescence decay time analysis. The fluorescence decay times from the dye-doped photonic crystals before and after the infiltration are dramatically different from each other. A lowered fluorescence decay time was observed for the case of gold infiltrated crystal along with an enhanced emission intensity. Double-exponential decay nature of the fluorescence from the dye-doped crystal gets converted into single-exponential decay upon the infiltration of gold nanoparticles due to the resonant radiative process resulting from the overlap of the surface plasmon resonance with the emission spectrum. The influence of localized surface plasmon due to gold nanoparticles on the increase in emission intensity and decrease in decay time of the emitters is established.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India)
  2. (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494881
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COLLOIDS; CRYSTALS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; DOPED MATERIALS; DYES; EMISSION SPECTRA; FLUORESCENCE; GOLD; NANOPARTICLES; OPALS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; POLYSTYRENE; RESONANCE