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Title: High temperature phase stability in Li{sub 0.12}Na{sub 0.88}NbO{sub 3}: A combined powder X-ray and neutron diffraction study

The phase stabilities of ecofriendly piezoelectric material of lithium doped sodium niobate for composition Li{sub 0.12}Na{sub 0.88}NbO{sub 3} (LNN12) have been investigated by a combination of powder X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques in the temperature range of 300–1100 K. We observed interesting changes with appearance or disappearance of the super-lattice reflections in the powder diffraction patterns. Unambiguous experimental evidence is shown for coexistence of paraelectric and ferroelectric orthorhombic phases in the temperature range of 525 K to 675 K. We identified the correct crystal structure of LNN12 with temperature and correlated it with observed anomaly in the physical properties. Identification of crystal structure also helps in the mode assignments in Raman and infrared spectroscopies. We argued that application of chemical pressure as a result of Li substitution in NaNbO{sub 3} matrix favors the freezing of zone centre phonons in contrast to the freezing of zone boundary phonons in pure NaNbO{sub 3} with the variation of temperature.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494823
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DOPED MATERIALS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; INFRARED SPECTRA; LITHIUM; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; NIOBATES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHASE STABILITY; PHONONS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; PIEZOELECTRICITY; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; REFLECTION; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION