skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Solute location in a nanoconfined liquid depends on charge distribution

Nanostructured materials that can confine liquids have attracted increasing attention for their diverse properties and potential applications. Yet, significant gaps remain in our fundamental understanding of such nanoconfined liquids. Using replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations of a nanoscale, hydroxyl-terminated silica pore system, we determine how the locations explored by a coumarin 153 (C153) solute in ethanol depend on its charge distribution, which can be changed through a charge transfer electronic excitation. The solute position change is driven by the internal energy, which favors C153 at the pore surface compared to the pore interior, but less so for the more polar, excited-state molecule. This is attributed to more favorable non-specific solvation of the large dipole moment excited-state C153 by ethanol at the expense of hydrogen-bonding with the pore. It is shown that a change in molecule location resulting from shifts in the charge distribution is a general result, though how the solute position changes will depend upon the specific system. This has important implications for interpreting measurements and designing applications of mesoporous materials.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493468
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CHARGE DISTRIBUTION; CHEMICAL BONDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COUMARIN; DIPOLE MOMENTS; ETHANOL; EXCITATION; EXCITED STATES; HYDROXIDES; LIQUIDS; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; MOLECULES; NANOSTRUCTURES; POTENTIALS; SILICA; SOLUTES; SOLVATION