skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Resonant plasmonic terahertz detection in vertical graphene-base hot-electron transistors

We analyze dynamic properties of vertical graphene-base hot-electron transistors (GB-HETs) and consider their operation as detectors of terahertz (THz) radiation using the developed device model. The GB-HET model accounts for the tunneling electron injection from the emitter, electron propagation across the barrier layers with the partial capture into the GB, and the self-consistent oscillations of the electric potential and the hole density in the GB (plasma oscillations), as well as the quantum capacitance and the electron transit-time effects. Using the proposed device model, we calculate the responsivity of GB-HETs operating as THz detectors as a function of the signal frequency, applied bias voltages, and the structural parameters. The inclusion of the plasmonic effect leads to the possibility of the GB-HET operation at the frequencies significantly exceeding those limited by the characteristic RC-time. It is found that the responsivity of GB-HETs with a sufficiently perfect GB exhibits sharp resonant maxima in the THz range of frequencies associated with the excitation of plasma oscillations. The positions of these maxima are controlled by the applied bias voltages. The GB-HETs can compete with and even surpass other plasmonic THz detectors.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
  2. (Russian Federation)
  3. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu 965-8580 (Japan)
  4. Department of Electrical Engineering, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, New York 1460-1920 (United States)
  5. Department of Electrical, Computer, and System Engineering and Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492974
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CAPACITANCE; DEPLETION LAYER; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRON BEAM INJECTION; ELECTRONS; GRAPHENE; HOLES; PLASMA WAVES; SIGNALS; THZ RANGE; TRANSISTORS