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Title: A mathematical model of the passage of an asteroid-comet body through the Earth’s atmosphere

In the paper, a mathematical model and a numerical algorithm are proposed for modeling the complex of phenomena which accompany the passage of a friable asteroid-comet body through the Earth’s atmosphere: the material ablation, the dissociation of molecules, and the radiation. The proposed model is constructed on the basis of the Navier-Stokes equations for viscous heat-conducting gas with an additional equation for the motion and propagation of a friable lumpy-dust material in air. The energy equation is modified for the relation between two its kinds: the usual energy of the translation of molecules (which defines the temperature and pressure) and the combined energy of their rotation, oscillation, electronic excitation, dissociation, and radiation. For the mathematical model of atmosphere, the distribution of density, pressure, and temperature in height is taken as for the standard atmosphere. An asteroid-comet body is taken initially as a round body consisting of a friable lumpy-dust material with corresponding density and significant viscosity which far exceed those for the atmosphere gas. A numerical algorithm is proposed for solving the initial-boundary problem for the extended system of Navier-Stokes equations. The algorithm is the combination of the semi-Lagrangian approximation for Lagrange transport derivatives and the conforming finite element methodmore » for other terms. The implementation of these approaches is illustrated by a numerical example.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Computational Modeling of SB RAS, 660036 Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation)
  2. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492603
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1684; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: AMiTaNS'15: 7. international conference for promoting the application of mathematics in technical and natural sciences, Albena (Bulgaria), 28 Jun - 3 Jul 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABLATION; ALGORITHMS; APPROXIMATIONS; ASTEROIDS; COMETS; DENSITY; DISSOCIATION; DUSTS; EXCITATION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; HEAT; LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS