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Title: Multinomial logistic regression modelling of obesity and overweight among primary school students in a rural area of Negeri Sembilan

Multinomial logistic regression is widely used to model the outcomes of a polytomous response variable, a categorical dependent variable with more than two categories. The model assumes that the conditional mean of the dependent categorical variables is the logistic function of an affine combination of predictor variables. Its procedure gives a number of logistic regression models that make specific comparisons of the response categories. When there are q categories of the response variable, the model consists of q-1 logit equations which are fitted simultaneously. The model is validated by variable selection procedures, tests of regression coefficients, a significant test of the overall model, goodness-of-fit measures, and validation of predicted probabilities using odds ratio. This study used the multinomial logistic regression model to investigate obesity and overweight among primary school students in a rural area on the basis of their demographic profiles, lifestyles and on the diet and food intake. The results indicated that obesity and overweight of students are related to gender, religion, sleep duration, time spent on electronic games, breakfast intake in a week, with whom meals are taken, protein intake, and also, the interaction between breakfast intake in a week with sleep duration, and the interaction between gendermore » and protein intake.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Pusat Pengajian Sains Matematik, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia amirul@unisel.edu.my, zalila@cs.usm.my, norlida@usm.my, adam@usm.my (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492504
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1682; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: SKSM22: 22. National symposium on mathematical sciences - Strengthening research and collaboration of mathematical sciences in Malaysia, Selangor (Malaysia), 24-26 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CHILDREN; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; INTAKE; INTERACTIONS; MATHEMATICAL LOGIC; METABOLIC DISEASES; PROBABILITY; PROTEINS; REGRESSION ANALYSIS; RURAL AREAS; SIMULATION; SLEEP; VARIATIONAL METHODS