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Title: Tuning the conductivity threshold and carrier density of two-dimensional electron gas at oxide interfaces through interface engineering

The two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed at the perovskite oxides heterostructures is of great interest because of its potential applications in oxides electronics and nanoscale multifunctional devices. A canonical example is the 2DEG at the interface between a polar oxide LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) and non-polar SrTiO{sub 3} (STO). Here, the LAO polar oxide can be regarded as the modulating or doping layer and is expected to define the electronic properties of 2DEG at the LAO/STO interface. However, to practically implement the 2DEG in electronics and device design, desired properties such as tunable 2D carrier density are necessary. Here, we report the tuning of conductivity threshold, carrier density and electronic properties of 2DEG in LAO/STO heterostructures by insertion of a La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} (LSTO) layer of varying thicknesses, and thus modulating the amount of polarization of the oxide over layers. Our experimental result shows an enhancement of carrier density up to a value of about five times higher than that observed at the LAO/STO interface. A complete thickness dependent metal-insulator phase diagram is obtained by varying the thickness of LAO and LSTO providing an estimate for the critical thickness needed for the metallic phase. The observations are discussed in termsmore » of electronic reconstruction induced by polar oxides.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. NUSNNI-Nanocore, National University of Singapore, 117411 (Singapore)
  2. (Singapore)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492327
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINATES; CARRIER DENSITY; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRON GAS; HETEROJUNCTIONS; INTERFACES; LANTHANUM OXIDES; LAYERS; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE DIAGRAMS; POLARIZATION; POTENTIALS; STRONTIUM TITANATES; TWO-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS