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Title: A broadband-sensitive upconverter La(Ga{sub 0.5}Sc{sub 0.5})O{sub 3}:Er,Ni,Nb for crystalline silicon solar cells

We have developed an upconverter that significantly broadens the sensitive range, to overcome the shortcoming that conventional Er{sup 3+}-doped upconverters used for crystalline silicon solar cells can utilize only a small portion of the solar spectrum at around 1.55 μm. We have designed the combination of the sensitizers and host material to utilize photons not absorbed by silicon or Er{sup 3+} ions. Ni{sup 2+} ions have been selected as the sensitizers that absorb photons in the wavelength range between the silicon absorption edge (1.1 μm) and the Er{sup 3+} absorption band and transfer the energies to the Er{sup 3+} emitters, with La(Ga,Sc)O{sub 3} as the host material. The Ga to Sc ratio has been optimized to tune the location of the Ni{sup 2+} absorption band for sufficient energy transfer. Co-doping with Nb{sup 5+} ions is needed for charge balance to introduce divalent Ni{sup 2+} ions into the trivalent Ga{sup 3+} and Sc{sup 3+} sites. In addition to 1.45–1.58 μm photons directly absorbed by the Er{sup 3+} ions, we have demonstrated upconversion of 1.1–1.35 μm photons in the Ni{sup 2+} absorption band to 0.98 μm photons, using 10% Er, 0.5% Ni, and 0.5% Nb-doped La(Ga{sub 0.5}Sc{sub 0.5})O{sub 3}. The broadband-sensitive upconverter developed here can improve conversionmore » efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells more notably than conventional ones.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Toyota Central Research and Development Laboratories, Inc., 41-1 Yokomichi, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489380
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 108; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; DOPED MATERIALS; ERBIUM IONS; GALLIUM IONS; NICKEL IONS; NIOBIUM IONS; OZONE; PHOTONS; SCANDIUM IONS; SENSITIZERS; SILICON; SILICON SOLAR CELLS; SPECTRA; WAVELENGTHS