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Title: Surface properties, crystallinity and optical properties of anodised titanium in mixture of β-glycerophosphate (β-GP) and calcium acetate (CA)

Anodic oxidation is an electrochemical method for the production of ceramic films on a metallic substrate. It had been widely used to deposit the ceramic coatings on the metals surface. This method has been widely used in surface modification of biomaterials especially for dental implants. In this study, the surface morphology, crystallinity and optical properties of titanium foil was modified by anodising in mixture of β-glycerophosphate disodium salt pentahydrate (β-GP) and calcium acetate monohydrate (CA). The experiments were carried out at high voltage (350 V), different anodising time (5 and 10 minutes) and current density (10-70 mA.cm{sup −2}) at room temperature. Anodised titanium was characterised by using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and UV-Vis spectrometry. The result of the experiment showed that surface morphology, crystallinity and optical properties depended strongly on the current density and anodising time. More porous surface and large amount of anatase and rutile was produced at higher current density and longer anodising time. Apart from that, it is also revealed that the energy band gap of anodised titanium increases as the increase in current density due to the presence of anatase and rutile TiO{sub 2}.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488630
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1669; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: SCMSM 2014: 23. scientific conference of Microscopy Society Malaysia, Tronoh (Malaysia), 10-12 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ACETATES; ANODIZATION; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; COATINGS; CURRENT DENSITY; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; FIELD EMISSION; FILMS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; OXIDATION; POROUS MATERIALS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SURFACE PROPERTIES; SURFACES; TITANIUM; TITANIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION