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Title: Microwave assisted synthesis of sheet-like Cu/BiVO{sub 4} and its activities of various photocatalytic conditions

The Cu/BiVO{sub 4} photocatalyst with visible-light responsivity was prepared by the microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The phase structures, chemical composition and surface physicochemical properties were well-characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV–vis diffuse reflectance absorption (UV–vis/DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption tests. Results indicate that the crystal structure of synthetic composite materials is mainly monoclinic scheelite BiVO{sub 4}, which is not changed with the increasing doping amount of Cu. In addition, the presence of Cu not only enlarges the range of the composite materials under the visible-light response, but also increases the BET value significantly. Compared to pure BiVO{sub 4}, 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 performs the highest photocatalytic activity to degrade methylene blue under the irradiation of ultraviolet, visible and simulated sunlight. In addition, the capture experiments prove that the main active species was superoxide radicals during photocatalytic reaction. Moreover, the 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 composite shows good photocatalytic stability after three times of recycling. - Graphical abstract: A series of BiVO{sub 4} with different amounts of Cu doping were prepared by the microwave-assisted method, moreover, which performed the high photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue under multi-mode. - Highlights: • A series of Cu/BiVO{sub 4} withmore » different amounts of Cu doping were prepared by microwave-assisted synthesis. • The morphologies of as-samples were different with the amount of Cu doping increased. • Compared with pure BiVO{sub 4}, as-Cu/BiVO{sub 4} showed stronger absorption in the visible light region obviously. • 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 performed the high photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue under multi-mode. • OH{sup •} and h{sup +} both play important roles in the photocatalytic reaction.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486759
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 229; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ADSORPTION; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; COPPER; DESORPTION; HYDROGEN IONS 1 PLUS; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; HYDROXIDES; IRRADIATION; METHYLENE BLUE; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VANADATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY