skip to main content

Title: Characterization of the CW starter plasma RF matching network for operating the SNS H{sup −} ion source with lower H{sub 2} flows

The Spallation Neutron Source H{sup −} ion source is operated with a pulsed 2-MHz RF (50-60 kW) to produce the 1-ms long, ∼50 mA H{sup −} beams at 60 Hz. A continuous low power (∼300 W) 13.56-MHz RF plasma, which is initially ignited with a H{sub 2} pressure bump, serves as starter plasma for the pulsed high power 2-MHz RF discharges. To reduce the risk of plasma outages at lower H{sub 2} flow rates which is desired for improved performance of the following radio frequency quadrupole, the 13.56-MHz RF matching network was characterized over a broad range of its two tuning capacitors. The H-α line intensity of the 13.56-MHz RF plasma and the reflected power of the 13.56-MHz RF were mapped against the capacitor settings. Optimal tunes for the maximum H-α intensity are consistent with the optimal tunes for minimum reflected power. Low limits of the H{sub 2} flow rate not causing plasma outages were explored within the range of the map. A tune region that allows lower H{sub 2} flow rate has been identified, which differs from the optimal tune for global minimum reflected power that was mostly used in the past.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482963
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CAPACITORS; FLOW RATE; HAZARDS; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN 1 MINUS BEAMS; ION SOURCES; MAPS; MHZ RANGE; NEUTRON SOURCES; PERFORMANCE; PLASMA; PULSES; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SPALLATION; TUNING