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Title: Characterization of a detector chain using a FPGA-based time-to-digital converter to reconstruct the three-dimensional coordinates of single particles at high flux

We report on the development of a novel FPGA-based time-to-digital converter and its implementation in a detection chain that records the coordinates of single particles along three dimensions. The detector is composed of micro-channel plates mounted on top of a cross delay line and connected to fast electronics. We demonstrate continuous recording of the timing signals from the cross delay line at rates up to 4.1 × 10{sup 6} s{sup −1} and three-dimensional reconstruction of the coordinates up to 3.2 × 10{sup 6} particles per second. From the imaging of a calibrated structure we measure the in-plane resolution of the detector to be 140(20) μm at a flux of 3 × 10{sup 5} particles per second. In addition, we analyze a method to estimate the resolution without placing any structure under vacuum, a significant practical improvement. While we use UV photons here, the results of this work apply to the detection of other kinds of particles.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut d’Optique Graduate School, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Saclay, 91127 Palaiseau cedex (France)
  2. Fédération de Recherche LUMAT (DTPI), CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Institut d’Optique Graduate School, Univ. Paris-Saclay, F-91405 Orsay (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482589
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; COORDINATES; DETECTION; MICROCHANNEL ELECTRON MULTIPLIERS; PARTICLES; PHOTONS; RESOLUTION; SIGNALS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS