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Title: Particle trajectories in thermal counterflow of superfluid helium in a wide channel of square cross section

The motion of micrometer-sized solid hydrogen particles in thermal counterflow of superfluid helium is studied experimentally by using the particle tracking velocimetry technique. The investigated quantum flow occurs in a square channel of 25 mm sides and 100 mm length, appreciably wider than those employed in previous related experiments. Flow velocities up to 10 mm/s are obtained, corresponding to temperatures between about 1.3 K and 2.1 K, and applied heat fluxes between ca. 50 W/m{sup 2} and 500 W/m{sup 2}. The character of the obtained particle trajectories changes significantly as the imposed mean flow velocity increases. At thermal counterflow velocities lower than approximately 1 mm/s, the particle tracks appear straighter than at larger velocities. On the basis of the current understanding of the underlying physics, it is argued that the outcome is most likely due to the transition to the turbulent state of the investigated flow as, for narrower channels, this transition was reported to occur at larger velocities. The present results confirm that, at least in the parameter ranges investigated to date, the transition to turbulence in thermal counterflow depends on the geometry of the channel where this quantum flow develops.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482494
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Fluids (1994); Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; GEOMETRY; HEAT FLUX; HYDROGEN; PARTICLES; SUPERFLUIDITY; TRAJECTORIES; VELOCITY