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Title: A facile method to prepare mesoporous anatase TiO{sub 2} materials in water at lower temperatures

Highlights: • Mesoporous anatase TiO{sub 2} was prepared in water at lower temperatures than 90 °C. • The specific surface areas of as-prepared TiO{sub 2} are in the range of 235–345 m{sup 2} g{sup −1}. • The as-prepared TiO{sub 2} possesses high UV or visible light photocatalytic activity. - Abstract: Mesoporous anatase TiO{sub 2} has been successfully prepared in water at lower temperatures than 90 °C. Firstly, amorphous TiO{sub 2} gels were prepared by conventional sol–gel method at room temperature with tetrabutyl titanate as precursor, and then TiO{sub 2} gels were directly put into water at temperatures of 50–90 °C for 0.5–10 h to form mesoporous anatase TiO{sub 2}. The as-prepared mesoporous TiO{sub 2} was characterized by XRD, TEM, FTIR, Raman, UV–vis DRS, DSC–TGA, and XPS. The results showed that mesoporous anatase TiO{sub 2} contained some organic residuals, the mean size of the TiO{sub 2} nanocrystals was in the range of 3.5–5.4 nm, and their BET specific surface areas were in the range of 235–345 m{sup 2} g{sup −1}. The photocatalytic activity of as-prepared TiO{sub 2} was obviously higher than those of the commercial TiO{sub 2} (P25) and TiO{sub 2} calcined at 450 °C for 3 h under UV ormore » visible light irradiation.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475819
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 67; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALORIMETRY; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GELS; INFRARED SPECTRA; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; POROUS MATERIALS; PRECURSOR; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TITANIUM OXIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VISIBLE RADIATION; WATER; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY