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Title: Utilization of non-weapons-grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium with breeding of the {sup 233}U isotope in the VVER reactors using thorium and heavy water

A method for joint utilization of non-weapons-grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium in the thorium–uranium—plutonium oxide fuel of a water-moderated reactor with a varying water composition (D{sub 2}O, H{sub 2}O) is proposed. The method is characterized by efficient breeding of the {sup 233}U isotope and safe reactor operation and is comparatively simple to implement.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22471953
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; BREEDING; HEAVY WATER; HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM; NUCLEAR FUELS; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM OXIDES; REACTOR OPERATION; THORIUM; URANIUM 233; WWER TYPE REACTORS