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Title: Mobilisation of lipophilic pollutants from blubber in northern elephant seal pups (Mirounga angustirostris) during the post-weaning fast

Northern elephant seals (NES) (Mirounga angustirostris) from the Año Nuevo State Reserve (CA, USA) were longitudinally sampled during the post-weaning fast in order to study the mobilisation and redistribution of various classes of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p′-DDE) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) between blubber and blood. Inner and outer blubber layers were analysed separately. Organohalogenated compounds were detected in all blubber samples in the decreasing order of their concentrations: p,p′-DDE>PCBs⪢HCB>PBDEs. The concentrations of all studied compounds were homogeneously distributed in the blubber layer at early fast, since the concentrations of POPs were statistically not different in the inner and outer layers. With the progression of the fast, the concentrations of PBDEs, PCBs and p,p′-DDE increased more sharply in inner blubber than in outer blubber. As a result, their levels became significantly higher in inner blubber as compared to outer blubber at late fast. The rise of pollutant concentrations in blubber might result from a less efficient mobilisation than triglycerides and/or a reuptake by adipocytes of some of the pollutants released into the circulation. The mobilisation of pollutants from blubber was higher at late fast. An increase of pollutant concentrations was observedmore » in serum between early and late fast. Lower halogenated congeners (i.e. tetra-CBs) were present in higher proportions in serum, whereas the higher halogenated congeners (i.e. hepta-CBs) were mainly found in the inner and outer blubber layers. The transfer ratios of both PBDEs and PCBs from inner blubber to serum decreased with the number of chlorine and bromine atoms. In addition, the distribution of both types of compounds between serum and blubber was strongly influenced by their lipophilic character (log K{sub ow} values), with more lipophilic compounds being less efficiently released from blubber to serum. - Highlights: • The POP concentrations were evenly distributed in blubber layers at early fast. • The POP concentrations were higher in inner than in outer blubber at late fast. • The POP concentrations increased in blubber and serum over the fast. • POPs were less efficiently mobilised from blubber than triglycerides. • The mobilisation of POPs from blubber was influenced by their lipophilic character.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Institut des Sciences de la Vie, UCLouvain, Croix du Sud 2/L7.05.08, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)
  2. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toxicological Center, Campus Drie Eiken, Universiteit Antwerpen, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk (Belgium)
  3. (Romania)
  4. Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, UCLouvain, Brussels (Belgium)
  5. Laboratoire d’Océanologie, MARE Center B6c, Université de Liège, 4000 Liège (Belgium)
  6. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department, University of California Santa Cruz, 100 Shaffer Rd, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (United States)
  7. Department of Biology, Sonoma State University, 1801 East Cotati Ave, Rohnert Park, CA 94928 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22447531
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Research; Journal Volume: 132; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ABUNDANCE; BLOOD; BROMINE; CHLORINE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; LAYERS; PESTICIDES; PHENYL ETHER; POLLUTANTS; POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS; SEALS; TRIGLYCERIDES