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Title: Novel pneumoviruses (PnVs): Evolution and inflammatory pathology

A previous report of a novel pneumovirus (PnV) isolated from the respiratory tract of a dog described its significant homology to the rodent pathogen, pneumonia virus of mice (PVM). The original PnV–Ane4 pathogen replicated in and could be re-isolated in infectious state from mouse lung but elicited minimal mortality compared to PVM strain J3666. Here we assess phylogeny and physiologic responses to 10 new PnV isolates. The G/glycoprotein sequences of all PnVs include elongated amino-termini when compared to the characterized PVMs, and suggest division into groups A and B. While we observed significant differences in cytokine production and neutrophil recruitment to the lungs of BALB/c mice in response to survival doses (50 TCID{sub 50} units) of representative group A (114378-10-29-KY-F) and group B (7968-11-OK) PnVs, we observed no evidence for positive selection (dN>dS) among the PnV/PnV, PVM/PnV or PVM/PVM G/glycoprotein or F/fusion protein sequence pairs. - Highlights: • We consider ten novel isolates of the pneumovirus (PnV) first described by Renshaw and colleagues. • The G/glycoprotein sequences of all PnVs include elongated amino-termini when compared to PVM. • We detect cytokine production and neutrophil recruitment to the lungs of mice in response to PnV. • We observed no evidence formore » positive selection (dN>dS) among the gene sequence pairs.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Inflammation Immunobiology Section, Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1883 (United States)
  2. Animal Health Diagnostic Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, PO Box 5786, Ithaca, New York, NY 14851-5786 (United States)
  3. Department of Pediatrics, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22436635
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 443; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DOGS; DOSES; EVOLUTION; GENES; GLYCOPROTEINS; INFLAMMATION; INTERFERON; LUNGS; MICE; MORTALITY; NEUTROPHILS; PATHOGENS; PATHOLOGY; PNEUMONIA; VIRUSES