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Title: Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence properties of Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor

Energy level diagram of Tb{sup 3+} ion in the K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} host lattice. - Highlights: • First time, a detailed TL and PL study on undoped and Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor. • Combustion method was employed to synthesize the Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor. • Mechanism of excitation and emission in undoped and Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor was given. - Abstract: Tb{sup 3+} doped nanoparticulate K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphor was prepared by combustion method using urea as a fuel. The structure, optical and luminescent properties of the phosphor were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), and thermoluminescence (TL) spectroscopy. In undoped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}, the excitation and emission peaks at 273 nm and 323 nm belongs to the {sup 8}S{sub 7/2} → {sup 6}I{sub J(J=7/2)} and {sup 6}P{sub J(J=7/2)} → {sup 8} S{sub 7/2} transitions of Gd{sup 3+} while green emission was observed in the Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}. TL study was carried out after exposing the samples to γ-radiations (0.1–5 kGy) in the K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Tb{sup 3+} (1.5 mol%). Themore » calculated kinetic parameters were compared with different methods. The band gap of the phosphor was estimated as 5.80 eV. The green shade of the Tb{sup 3+} ion with the CIE coordinates (x, y) as (0.29, 0.54) was in good agreement with the well known green phosphors.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ; ;  [5]
  1. School of Physics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, 182320 Jammu and Kashmir (India)
  2. (South Africa)
  3. Inter University Accelerator Centre, Anura Asaf Ali Marg, P. O. Box 10502, New Delhi 110067 (India)
  4. Crystal Technology Laboratory,TPD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India)
  5. Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein ZA9300 (South Africa)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420686
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 60; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; ENERGY GAP; ENERGY LEVELS; EXCITATION; GADOLINIUM IONS; GADOLINIUM PHOSPHATES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOSPHATES; PHOSPHORS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TERBIUM IONS; THERMOLUMINESCENCE; UREA; X-RAY DIFFRACTION