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Title: An unshielded radio-frequency atomic magnetometer with sub-femtoTesla sensitivity

We demonstrate a radio-frequency potassium-vapor magnetometer operating with sensitivities of 0.3 fT/√(Hz) at 0.5 MHz and 0.9 fT/√(Hz) at 1.31 MHz in the absence of radio-frequency and mu-metal or magnetic shielding. The use of spatially separated magnetometers, two voxels within the same cell, permits for the subtraction of common mode noise and the retention of a gradient signal, as from a local source. At 0.5 MHz the common mode noise was white and measured to be 3.4 fT/√(Hz); upon subtraction the noise returned to the values observed when the magnetometer was shielded. At 1.31 MHz, the common mode noise was from a nearby radio station and was reduced by a factor of 33 upon subtraction, limited only by the radio signal picked up by receiver electronics. Potential applications include in-the-field low-field magnetic resonance, such as the use of nuclear quadrupole resonance for the detection of explosives.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. School of Physics, Astronomy, and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, 22030 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420230
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DETECTION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC SHIELDING; MAGNETOMETERS; MHZ RANGE; NOISE; NUCLEAR QUADRUPOLE RESONANCE; POTASSIUM; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SENSITIVITY; SIGNALS