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Title: Nonlinear transmission of an intense terahertz field through monolayer graphene

We report nonlinear terahertz (THz) effects in monolayer graphene, giving rise to transmission enhancement of a single-cycle THz pulse when the incident THz peak electric field is increased. This transmission enhancement is attributed to reduced photoconductivity, due to saturation effects in the field-induced current and increased intraband scattering rates arising from transient heating of electrons. We have developed a tight-binding model of the response using the length gauge interaction Hamiltonian that provides good qualitative agreement. The model fully accounts for the nonlinear response arising from the linear dispersion energy spectrum in graphene. The results reveal a strong dependence of the scattering time on the THz field, which is at the heart of the observed nonlinear response.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. INRS-EMT, Advanced Laser Light Source, INRS, Varennes, Québec J3X 1S2 (Canada)
  2. Department of Physics, Engineering Physics and Astronomy, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 (Canada)
  3. NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)
  4. Department of Physics, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, H3A 2T8 (Canada)
  5. Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)
  6. Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Chiba, 277-8581 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420160
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DISPERSIONS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRONS; ENERGY SPECTRA; GRAPHENE; HAMILTONIANS; HEATING; INTERACTIONS; PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY; SCATTERING; TRANSMISSION