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Title: The charge-asymmetric nonlocally determined local-electric (CANDLE) solvation model

Many important applications of electronic structure methods involve molecules or solid surfaces in a solvent medium. Since explicit treatment of the solvent in such methods is usually not practical, calculations often employ continuum solvation models to approximate the effect of the solvent. Previous solvation models either involve a parametrization based on atomic radii, which limits the class of applicable solutes, or based on solute electron density, which is more general but less accurate, especially for charged systems. We develop an accurate and general solvation model that includes a cavity that is a nonlocal functional of both solute electron density and potential, local dielectric response on this nonlocally determined cavity, and nonlocal approximations to the cavity-formation and dispersion energies. The dependence of the cavity on the solute potential enables an explicit treatment of the solvent charge asymmetry. With four parameters per solvent, this “CANDLE” model simultaneously reproduces solvation energies of large datasets of neutral molecules, cations, and anions with a mean absolute error of 1.8 kcal/mol in water and 3.0 kcal/mol in acetonitrile.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22416094
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ACETONITRILE; ANIONS; APPROXIMATIONS; ASYMMETRY; ATOMIC RADII; CATIONS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; ELECTRON DENSITY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; MOLECULES; POTENTIALS; SOLIDS; SOLUTES; SOLVATION; SOLVENTS; SURFACES; WATER