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Title: Ultraviolet photodissociation dynamics of the n-propyl and i-propyl radicals

Ultraviolet (UV) photodissociation dynamics of jet-cooled n-propyl (n-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}) radical via the 3s Rydberg state and i-propyl (i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}) radical via the 3p Rydberg states are studied in the photolysis wavelength region of 230–260 nm using high-n Rydberg atom time-of-flight and resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization techniques. The H-atom photofragment yield spectra of the n-propyl and i-propyl radicals are broad and in good agreement with the UV absorption spectra. The H + propene product translational energy distributions, P(E{sub T})’s, of both n-propyl and i-propyl are bimodal, with a slow component peaking around 5-6 kcal/mol and a fast one peaking at ∼50 kcal/mol (n-propyl) and ∼45 kcal/mol (i-propyl). The fraction of the average translational energy in the total excess energy, 〈f{sub T}〉, is 0.3 for n-propyl and 0.2 for i-propyl, respectively. The H-atom product angular distributions of the slow components of n-propyl and i-propyl are isotropic, while that of the fast component of n-propyl is anisotropic (with an anisotropy parameter ∼0.8) and that of i-propyl is nearly isotropic. Site-selective loss of the β hydrogen atom is confirmed using the partially deuterated CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CD{sub 2} and CH{sub 3}CDCH{sub 3} radicals. The bimodal translational energy and angular distributions indicate two dissociationmore » pathways to the H + propene products in the n-propyl and i-propyl radicals: (i) a unimolecular dissociation pathway from the hot ground-state propyl after internal conversion from the 3s and 3p Rydberg states and (ii) a direct, prompt dissociation pathway coupling the Rydberg excited states to a repulsive part of the ground-state surface, presumably via a conical intersection.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of California at Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415970
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION; ATOMS; COUPLING; DISSOCIATION; ENERGY SPECTRA; GROUND STATES; HYDROGEN; INTERNAL CONVERSION; PHOTOIONIZATION; PHOTOLYSIS; PROPYL RADICALS; PROPYLENE; RYDBERG STATES; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION