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Title: An extension to artifact-free projection overlaps

Purpose: In multipinhole single photon emission computed tomography, the overlapping of projections has been used to increase sensitivity. Avoiding artifacts in the reconstructed image associated with projection overlaps (multiplexing) is a critical issue. In our previous report, two types of artifact-free projection overlaps, i.e., projection overlaps that do not lead to artifacts in the reconstructed image, were formally defined and proved, and were validated via simulations. In this work, a new proposition is introduced to extend the previously defined type-II artifact-free projection overlaps so that a broader range of artifact-free overlaps is accommodated. One practical purpose of the new extension is to design a baffle window multipinhole system with artifact-free projection overlaps. Methods: First, the extended type-II artifact-free overlap was theoretically defined and proved. The new proposition accommodates the situation where the extended type-II artifact-free projection overlaps can be produced with incorrectly reconstructed portions in the reconstructed image. Next, to validate the theory, the extended-type-II artifact-free overlaps were employed in designing the multiplexing multipinhole spiral orbit imaging systems with a baffle window. Numerical validations were performed via simulations, where the corresponding 1-pinhole nonmultiplexing reconstruction results were used as the benchmark for artifact-free reconstructions. The mean square error (MSE) was themore » metric used for comparisons of noise-free reconstructed images. Noisy reconstructions were also performed as part of the validations. Results: Simulation results show that for noise-free reconstructions, the MSEs of the reconstructed images of the artifact-free multiplexing systems are very similar to those of the corresponding 1-pinhole systems. No artifacts were observed in the reconstructed images. Therefore, the testing results for artifact-free multiplexing systems designed using the extended type-II artifact-free overlaps numerically validated the developed theory. Conclusions: First, the extension itself is of theoretical importance because it broadens the selection range for optimizing multiplexing multipinhole designs. Second, the extension has an immediate application: using a baffle window to design a special spiral orbit multipinhole imaging system with projection overlaps in the orbit axial direction. Such an artifact-free baffle window design makes it possible for us to image any axial portion of interest of a long object with projection overlaps to increase sensitivity.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845 (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22413541
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; IMAGE PROCESSING; NOISE; OPTIMIZATION; SENSITIVITY; SINGLE PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; VALIDATION