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Title: Ferromagnetic properties of fcc Gd thin films

Magnetic properties of sputtered Gd thin films grown on Si (100) substrates kept at two different temperatures were investigated using X-ray diffraction, ac magnetic susceptibility, and dc magnetization measurements. The obtained Gd thin films have a mixture of hcp and fcc structures, but with their fractions depending on the substrate temperature T{sub S} and film thickness x. Gd fcc samples were obtained when T{sub S} = 763 K and x = 10 nm, while the hcp structure was stabilized for lower T{sub S} (300 K) and thicker film (20 nm). The fcc structure is formed on the Ta buffer layer, while the hcp phase grows on the fcc Gd layer as a consequence of the lattice relaxation process. Spin reorientation phenomenon, commonly found in bulk Gd species, was also observed in the hcp Gd thin film. This phenomenon is assumed to cause the magnetization anomalous increase observed below 50 K in stressed Gd films. Magnetic properties of fcc Gd thin films are: Curie temperature above 300 K, saturation magnetization value of about 175 emu/cm{sup 3}, and coercive field of about 100 Oe at 300 K; features that allow us to classify Gd thin films, with fcc structure, as a soft ferromagnetic material.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Departamento de Física, Vitória/ES 29075-910 (Brazil)
  2. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Departamento de Ciências Naturais, São Mateus/ES 29932-540 (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410247
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CURIE POINT; FCC LATTICES; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; GADOLINIUM; HCP LATTICES; LAYERS; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MAGNETIZATION; RELAXATION; SILICON; SPIN; SPUTTERING; STRESSES; SUBSTRATES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THIN FILMS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION