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Title: A new route for the synthesis of submicron-sized LaB{sub 6}

Submicron crystalline LaB{sub 6} has been successfully synthesized by a solid-state reaction of La{sub 2}O{sub 3} with NaBH{sub 4} at 1200 °C. The effects of reaction temperature on the crystal structure, grain size and morphology were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. It is found that when the reaction temperature is in the range of 1000–1100 °C, there are ultrafine nanoparticles and nanocrystals that coexist. When the reaction temperature elevated to 1200 °C, the grain morphology transformed from ultrafine nanoparticle to submicron crystals completely. High resolution transmission electron microscope images fully confirm the formation of LaB{sub 6} cubic structure. - Highlights: • Single-phased LaB{sub 6} have been synthesized by a solid-state reaction in a continuous evacuating process. • The reaction temperature has a important effect on the phase composition. • The grain size increase from nano-size to submicron with increasing reaction temperature.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403586
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 97; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALS; GRAIN SIZE; LANTHANUM BORIDES; LANTHANUM OXIDES; MORPHOLOGY; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SODIUM BORIDES; SODIUM HYDRIDES; SOLIDS; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION