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Title: Plasma response measurements of non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations on DIII-D via soft x-ray imaging

Recent observations on DIII-D have advanced the understanding of plasma response to applied resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) in both H-mode and L-mode plasmas. Three distinct 3D features localized in minor radius are imaged via filtered soft x-ray emission: (i) the formation of lobes extending from the unperturbed separatrix in the X-point region at the plasma boundary, (ii) helical kink-like perturbations in the steep-gradient region inside the separatrix, and (iii) amplified islands in the core of a low-rotation L-mode plasma. These measurements are used to test and to validate plasma response models, which are crucial for providing predictive capability of edge-localized mode control. In particular, vacuum and two-fluid resistive magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) responses are tested in the regions of these measurements. At the plasma boundary in H-mode discharges with nā€‰=ā€‰3 RMPs applied, measurements compare well to vacuum-field calculations that predict lobe structures. Yet in the steep-gradient region, measurements agree better with calculations from the linear resistive two-fluid MHD code, M3D-C1. Relative to the vacuum fields, the resistive two-fluid MHD calculations show a reduction in the pitch-resonant components of the normal magnetic field (screening), and amplification of non-resonant components associated with ideal kink modes. However, the calculations still over-predict the amplitude of themore » measured perturbation by a factor of 4. In a slowly rotating L-mode plasma with nā€‰=ā€‰1 RMPs, core islands are observed amplified from vacuum predictions. These results indicate that while the vacuum approach describes measurements in the edge region well, it is important to include effects of extended MHD in the pedestal and deeper in the plasma core.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6169 (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)
  3. General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403363
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; DISTURBANCES; DOUBLET-3 DEVICE; EDGE LOCALIZED MODES; H-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; L-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PERTURBATION THEORY; PLASMA; SOFT X RADIATION